Introduction Cette arme a été mise au point en 1942 par la firme HASAG à Leipzig
Versions du Panzerfaust :-
Portée 30 60 100 150 et 250 mètres
Poids type 30 5.2 Kgs Type 60 6.8kgs
Perforation 200mm de blindage
This weapon was bring into focus in 1942 by HASAG corporation in Leipzig
The Panzerfaust was a good weapon used by German anti tank teams during 2 ° World war .
This weapon was small light easy to produce but especially it is important very efficient.
In effect it was able of penetrate near 200mm of armour plating, putting any tank in service KO.
This weapon had accepted the nickname panzer Faust (armoured fist or armoured demon). The study of this weapon starts with the official report that infantry must have a weapon antitank simple light and powerful able of destroying a tank in close combat
Of more this weapon must be consumable. Studies resulted in the creation of weapon of various calibre
So were born Panzerfaust 30, 60, 100 and 150.
All this weapon had a common point: able to penetrate 200mm under an angle of 90 °. Models differed only on range;
In fact Panzerfaust 30 was efficient only in a range of 30 m while Panzerfaust had him a range of 150 m
Origin of the Panzerfaust
It was necessary to equip the soldiers with an individual anti tank weapon able to put KO any tank in service
In order to do that the engineers had to use 2 systems to make one
To resolve this equation (piercing the armour plating of the tank ) the future weapon will be issued from a rocket and she would be fire by king of tube like a gun ‘s barrel without recoil but remaining rather light to be used by an infantryman
It is therefore necessary to bring in focus a weapon similar at a grenade drawn by a tube taking back the techniques of gun without recoil.
Studies were promptly led so in 1942 the weapon is ready. The professor Langweiter of the society Hugo Schneider installs society in Leipzig . So this corporation is know as HASAG.
In effect the apparition of the T. 34 it’s a problem and a nightmare for Germans during the beginning of offensive Barbarossa in Russia. The Germans realized that alone 88 can put KO this tank
Fast studies were thrown to counter this threat and very quickly a new weapon is imagined This weapon is the Panzerfaust
1943 sees the first appearance of the Panzerfaust Klein which was immediately replaced with a much bigger type.
The sniper nevertheless had to go up most near possible of the armoured vehicle enemy and to have a good position of shooting adapted in effect he had to hold Panzerfaust correctly to avoid the return of flame
To perfect his weapon the professor’s team studies the Monroe effect more known under the name of hollow charge. The inside of the explosive load has the form of a cone dressed in copper. An opening orientated forward makes during detonation the military load be orientated to the point of impact spreading a metal throw so in fusion
This mixture of gas and metal in fusion is too much cast towards the tank at a speed of more than 6000 metres seconds. Perforating sting the armour plating spreads a mixture inside the tank gas and of iron in fusion which draws away the destruction of the tank by the internal explosion of ammunitions
This Weapon was adopted and fabricated by VW Weber corporation of Fallersleben in the rhythm of 200 000 units/month
Description of the weapon
It comes in 2 parts : a tube and a projectile. The weapon has 1.04m weighs 5 Kg wight
Later more powerful versions as Panzerfaust 100 will reach 6.8 kg weight but form and length of hull will remain the same
It comes as a big bomb of ovoid form on which a tube was grafted. Stabilizing wing tips fan out as soon as the projectile went out of tube of launching. The projectile arms itself automatically after 5 metres of running
In the point of impact the projectile, contrary to a classical bomb which penetrates into the armour plating by using kinetic energy, crushed on armour plating and sends an ignited sting which melts the armour plating and enters the armoured vehicle, like a fire ball ,destroying it by an internal fire.
It is the principle of the hollow charge .The explosion create whit the metal in fusion a pocket of gas which blows up at the speed of 8000m / seconds with a pressure furthermore de100 t / cm2.
This bowl of gas confined in a little space as a turret of tank induce deadly damage.
Wing tips are there to stabilize the load during shooting because the projectile turns on itself it This rotation induces imprecision of shooting. Both major defects of this weapon is therefore low V °
Also advices for the use of this weapon are clearly
She must be used in short range and upon an important target . The potency of the warhead is not appraised because it is efficient at any distance. The only problem is the precision of shooting
The projectile has a diameter of 14cm it am 49.5cm long and weigh The war head 2.9kg weigh 0.8 Kg and it is composed by a mixture of TNT and RDX on the ratio of 50/50.
The projectile is available in version 30, 60, 100 and 150 .According to the versions the speed of the projectile is 30m / seconds at 85 m
The tube of launching of Panzerfaust
The tube of launching of Panzerfaust is a cylinder in which been put by the powder which must act as propeller. The ignition is assured by a cartridge .The ignition of the power make a gas pocket which projects the projectile out of the tube thanks to kinetic energy.
The return of fire is very important and not controllable . If you have not 3 meters behind you it is forbidden This weapon should not be used in a closed place or with an obstacle behind you
A simple mobile handlebar of checking is fixed on the tube. This one is raised before shooting. This handlebar has a series of notches allowing the aiming
For instance, Panzerfaust 100 has aiming as 30, 60, 80 et150 metres. To hit a target at 30 metres we, must see the target being framed in the hole for 30metres.
But you cant also need upon the probable speed and the time of running of the projectile between you and the target It was necessary to take count these parameters.
There was a security on tumbler to avoid any accident of shooting
Panzerfaust was considered to be a simple and efficient weapon . also he can be used by any soldier.
But this simplicity has had perverses effects upon not harden soldier For the authorities explanations carried on the weapon were sufficients " Achtung! Feuerstrahl! " attention throw of flame
The complete production of Panzerfaust is counted in millions. Nevertheless the most produced version was Panzerfaust 60. In the end fo the war it was remplaced by the Panzerschreck, but he stayed in service still to the end of War.
Panzerfaust was transported in wooden cases with 4 weapon
The scarceness of raw materials drew away the study of Panzerfaust wich can be re-used with the series of Panzerfaust 150 and 250
Use to battle
Panzerfaust figth on various theatres of operations During the battle of Berlin, many troops armed only with Panzerfaust stood up to the Russian tanks. Panzerfaust is the forefather of the actual RPG (rocket Propelled grenade)
1 ° to search an place advantageous for shooting without any obstacle behind the shooter or at least in more than 3 metres
2° to Arm Panzerfaust by introducing the rocket in making it slip into the tube. The rocket is then locked by of ergots which keep the head
3° Aim by locking in the hole of the sighting. Attention if you lower your weapon downwards the load risks falling to earth .But in theory she must not blow up.
4°Prendre aim The tube must pass under the armpit firmly supported by the right arm .For the left-handed persons manage you with the other arm
5° After the shoot you go away quickly.
This is the drill explain by the TM (Tactical manual )
In the fact you have and another method. You are sitting down behind a heap of rubbles always without obstacle behind You have the folded up legs and the arm and the left elbow peaceful on the left knee the chest is lightly tipped up forward you give the minimum of target then and of you can pull with complete peace of mind
Explications by drawing
Drawings are better than a speech (Napoleon)
Parries to the Panzerfaust
The tank crews have developed parry to Panzerfaust
He wild be stopped the Blow charge by additional protection in the armour plating: (bags of sand wooden beams base of bed ) but this protection were worth only for the vital parties of the tank because if the Panzerfaust touched a caterpillar the tank is immobilized.
More the Soviet troops put in the point a tactics The infantry go away in the same time of the tanks
Versions of Panzerfaust:-
Panzerfaust October 30th, 1943.
Panzerfaust September 60th, 1944.
Panzerfaust November 100, 1944.
Panzerfaust 150 march 1945. Introduced in small number He comes as Panzerfaust with a handle with re-used tube
Projects of Panzerfaust (Kleinrakete zur Infanteriebekämpfung)
Panzerfaust 250 re-used version in development at the end of war he would be enter in service in September, 1945
Grosse Panzerfaust/ Hecht 10,5cm at the beginning of 1945 rumours signal the entrance in service of a new device anti tank Schtschuka " " Pike " based on Panzerfaust 250) This weapon could pierce 40 cm of armour plating,
Schrappnellfaust (" Shrapnel Fist "), it would have of the being re-used Panzerfaust
8 kg weighty of a 400-metre range
Anti arcraft versions(based on planes)
Luftfaust-A 4 tubes of a calibre of 2cm.
Luftfaust-B 9 tubes of a 150 mm 80 weapons were utilised
Fliegerfaust (" airplane fist ") 6 tubes of 3 cm using the projectiles of the cannon Maschinenkanone MK108 fixed on Me262 .only tries stages
Range 30 60 100 150 and 250 metres
Weight panzerfaust 30 5.2 Kg Panzerfaust 60 6.8kgs
Perforation 200mm of armour plating
Ce site sans aucun but lucratif n’a pour but que de vous faire aimer l’ Histoire
La plupart des photographies publiées sur ce site sont la propriété exclusive de © Claude Balmefrezol
Elles peuvent être reproduites pour une utilisation personnelle, mais l’autorisation préalable de leur auteur est nécessaire pour être exploitées dans un autre cadre (site web publications etc)
Les sources des autres documents et illustrations sont mentionnées quand elles sont connues. Si une de ces pièces est protégée et que sa présence dans ces pages pose problème, elle sera retirée sur simple demande.
Nb de visiteurs:4403225
Nb de visiteurs aujourd'hui:365
Nb de connectés:26