Italy has always manufactured armourd cars which were appreciated by their users. The series of AB 41 43 of the WW2 and the Centauro currently are living proof. In the 70th Italians have built for the EI a small armoured car 4x4 Fiat 6616. Seeing the success of this formula the firm Iveco decided in the 80th to create a new family of wheeled armoured vehicles on private funds , also were born 3 vehicles
The Model 6634 is a light recce armoured car 4X4 5T.
The Model 6633 is a APC from the same machine 4X4.
The Model6636 that the fire support with a turret of 90 mm in 6X6 version.
These vehicles have mostly served as a "concept armoured car" because they were not manufactured in series But research conducted for they serve for the family to be the family of Puma.
Indeed the General Staff of the Italian Army has issued a detailed program for a range of vehicles, which strangely resembled the concept developed by Iveco
The model will serve as the basis will be only the 6634 model. This model was first presented to the public at the Esercito show 2000 in 1987. This vehcile was built in time when, the dangers of a Soviet military intervention with the Warsaw Pact were very important. A new whelled vehicle rapide who can use the network nationally motorway. Thus were born the Centauro and Puma. The Italian philosophy in terms of wheeled armoured car was new because since WW 2 no wheeled armored equipment had been built by the National Industry .Puma was built as a Recce vehicle who work in collaboration with the Centauro like elements of a precursor armored force.
This force must promptly eliminate the enemy vanguard who could settle in Padania or in bridgeheads (landings on the coasts). It must also secure the area pending the arrival of heavy armour type Ariete or M60 or.Leopard
The specifications for this equipment provided from the outset that he had be carried by air on a heavy helicopter (type Chinnok CH. 47). The vehicle that was used par paratroops should also be able to carry a variety of weapons such as anti-tank missile Milan, Tow and heavy and light machine guns.
In the late 80 it was decided to develop a family of vehicles a case 4X4 and 6X6 The 6X6 despite a longer body can also enter in a heavy helicopter as it has a better ability to develop into all-terrain and better ballistic protection. But budget cuts have delayed the development of the Puma 6x6 . You can know that the Italians had in their arsenal the Fiat Iveco 6614 and 90 P recents materials,
So it is that in 1995 and 1996 than 250 puma 4X4 and 400 6X6 puma have been ordered
This delay has been beneficial, however, because the threats World have evolved during this 13 yers of gestation
Currently it is planned equipment with the basic version 4X4 the cavalry regiments who have a Recce offensive mission with two regiments of the brigade Fruili and battalion Monte Cervino h Anf after the model 6X6 would equip para regiments of the Folgore and regiments of the Alpini Forza proiezone e reazione and as well as the Lagunari Sérénissima.
Characteristics of Puma 4X4.
It is a copy of the first prototype with a few modifications. It has an increased engine power, positioning lights, new ventilation. Its chassis is made of steel with slanted walls that provide better protection against small arms fire. You can reach inside the equipment by 6 openings 3 on the roof 2 on the sides and one on the back. The engine is positioned in front like Merkava which provides an additional passive protection to the crew. The pilot is on the left almost at the center of the vehicle which provide greater protection against mines placed on roadsides. In addition, the Puma is the only device of its kind who has conduct episcope in place of simple episcopes who give obetter opertunitues for conducts when the driver is inside the frame The side panels have also vision windows The chief of vehicle has a turret armed with a mMG The turret is equipped with 6 episcopes. The diesel engine gives it 180 HP and Puma can reach 100km/hour on the road. Gear-speed automatic helps conduct. The suspensions are independent with hydraulic shock absorbers. It has an autonomy of 700 km and can pass without preparation fords of 0.70 cms. It has a standard anti-fire equipment air conditioning and a NRBC protection. It has a crew of 4 men who take place in a cockpit at the correct size. Its armament base consists of a heavy machine gun, as well as slight 2 smoke dischargeres. (Gallix) A new turret Oto Melara army 12.74 Hitrole is currently available
The use of Puma in combat.
The crews of puma must recognize routes and establish checkpoints at the front lines before friend-lines In addition they must also provide protection for heavy convoys or vehicles for crossing of sensitive areas such as cities bridges or wooded areas.
The squadra esploratori is composed of 2 Puma with 7 men armed with Milan, 3 panzer faust, LG 40, 60 mortar and machine-gun Minimi,
The Squadrone esplorante and is in turn composed of a commando di plotone 3 plotone or 4 esploranti all in Puma, motorcycles and a heavy Tank
So this form of explorazione nascosta know from the Anglo-Saxons of NATO (by stealth) allows the acquisition of information and avoids the friendly forces to fall directly on the superior enemy forces.
The puma 4X4 of the EI must therefore meet the needs of recognition of ligth cavalry regiments of the Brigade Pozzuolo del Fruili, Garibaldi and Friuli, but he not equip armored units Méchanized or Motorized Brigade regiments at the difference other countries like the USA that affect at every regiment or battalion or armoured infantry a Recce platoon M3 Bradley.
Length 5.10 m
Devers 60 °
Iveco 4-cylinder engine 180 hp
BAV license Renk 5 steps backward 1
Speed 100 km / h road
Autonomy 700 kms
Armaments Base 1 Heavy machine gun or mild
Optional 1 Milan a Tow
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